Sultan Abdallah strengthens the constitutional monarchy
Posted on: Wednesday July 24, 2019
KUALA LUMPUR: The installation of Al-Sultan Abdullah Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mustafa Billah Shah as the 16th Yang di-Pertuan Agong on July 30 is expected to strengthen Malaysia’s system of constitutional monarchy. Former Tan Sri government socio-cultural adviser Dr Rais Yatim said that while the system maintains the Yang di-Pertuan Agong as the pinnacle of the nation’s sovereignty, it also ensures a balance in the power structure. “Our constitutional monarchy today is nothing like the situation before independence, when the rulers governed as they pleased,” he said recently, adding that under Article 40 of the Federal Constitution, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong “must act in accordance with the advice” of the Cabinet (usually the Prime Minister).
“This system (of government) practiced by our country balances the power of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong as sovereign and that of the people, his subjects. The reciprocal role (of the sovereign and the people) is vital to perpetuate this tradition. Rais, who was a former Minister of Information, Communication and Culture, said that the election of Sultan Abdallah as Yang di-Pertuan Agong was in accordance with the will of the people as they were impressed by the friendly attitude of His Majesty and his interest in all sections of the population. company. “Tuanku is a very accessible person and that is a very good quality. As a rakyat, we hope that Tuanku will be able to detect the shortcomings in our society and be able to express his point of view for the benefit of the people and the nation. as a whole, “he said. Rais also hoped that the Yang di-Pertuan Agong would use his influence to safeguard social justice, peace and prosperity. His Majesty, he added, should also be seen as the key advisor to balancing political power to avoid being misused by a party that could undermine the harmony enjoyed by Malaysia’s multiracial society. Rais also hoped that the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, as Supreme Head of State, could introduce royal resolutions and decrees that would not only enhance the image of the institution of constitutional monarchy, but also maintain the status of Bahasa Melayu as a lang nation and preserved Malaysian customs and heritage. “Then there is also article 153 (of the Federal Constitution) which grants the Yang di-Pertuan Agong the responsibility to protect the interests of the Malays and the bumiputeras, as well as the rights of other races in accordance with the existing provisions”, he said. Dr Mohd Mahadee Ismail, senior professor in the Department of Nationality and Civilization Studies at Putra Malaysia University, said that the Yang di-Pertuan Agong was not only the head of state, but also the chief of Islam and a symbol of the unity of the peoples of various ethnicities who live in this nation.
He said that in Malaysia, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong installation ceremony was not something new because every five years the head of the supreme state is elected according to the rotating succession system for the nine Malaysian leaders. “The rotation system is good because it is fair and gives an equal chance to all leaders to occupy the post of Yang di-Pertuan Agong,” he said, adding that this was what made the monarchy single Malaysian constitutional constitution. “No other country in the world practices such a system, which has helped our country to preserve and ensure the continuity of our system of one constitutional monarchy.” Mohd Mahadee hoped that Sultan Abdullah would continue to promote good governance based on Islamic laws and as spelled out by the Conference of Leaders and the provisions set forth in the Federal Constitution. The rakyat, for their part, must swear their undivided loyalty to the king and the nation, as stated in one of the pillars of Rukun Negara, “Loyalty to the King and the Country”. “The king must rule in a fair and equitable manner while the people must show their loyalty and contribute their best to the nation in terms of capacity, expertise and competence. “This matter is written into a ‘waadat’ (agreement) as recorded in Malaysian historical records, that is, the ‘waadat’ between Sang Sapurba and Demang Lebar Daun. Under the oath of allegiance between Sang Sapurba (the Malaysian ruler) and Demang Lebar Daun (the Malaysian people), the people would not commit treason while the ruler would not cruelly punish them, ”explained Mohd Mahadee. Urging the people to refrain from criticizing the royal institution, more so on social media platforms, he said times may have changed, and so has the government of this country, but the institution of the monarchy must remain unchanged because the monarch is considered the embodiment of protection of people. Addressing the Malay sentence “Raja dan rakyat berpisah tiada” (The sovereign and his people cannot be separated), Mohd Mahadee felt that the feeling linked to this saying must be revived to strengthen the bonds between the sovereign, in particular the Yang di -Pertuan Agong, and the people. “This saying was appropriate at the time when the people were close to the sovereign and could express their complaints to him. However, the gulf (between the ruler and the people) has grown over the years and it is not easy to get an audience with the ruler. “Perhaps the monarchy can take the initiative to meet with the people more regularly so that the leaders can see for themselves the problems and struggles the people face,” he said. Regarding reporting and social media posts about Sultan Abdullah’s interactions with the public, Mohd Mahadee said it was a good step towards efforts to restore close relations between the ruler and the people. “The people must not forget that they too must have great respect and consideration for the sovereign and the institution of the constitutional monarchy. “Those who ridicule the monarchy have very little understanding of the history of this country. They are also devoid of patriotic values insofar as they have not respected a system to which a majority of the population of this country has adapted, ”he added. – Bernama